US hits file variety of Covid-19 hospitalizations
Just over half of all planned doses of coronavirus vaccines have been bought up by high-income countries like the US, Japan and Australia, meaning a quarter of the world’s population will fail to be vaccinated by 2022, reported Tuesday.
These rich countries have pre-ordered nearly 7.5 billion doses of Covid-19 vaccines, enough to vaccinate 3.76 billion people, found Anthony So of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and colleagues.
“Just over half (51%) of these doses will go to high-income countries, which make up 14% of the world’s population,” they wrote in their report published in the BMJ.
At the time of writing, the United States accounted for a fifth of all Covid-19 cases worldwide but had reserved 800 million doses of vaccine. Japan and Australia accounted for less than 1% of the cases but had options for 1 billion doses.
The researchers forecast that the 13 major vaccine manufacturers working on coronavirus vaccines could have the potential capacity for nearly 6 billion vaccines by the end of 2021.
“High-income countries have reserved just over half of those vaccine doses from 13 leading vaccine manufacturers. Low- and middle-income countries have the rest, even though these countries make up more than 85% of the world’s population, ”they wrote.
“Even if all 13 of these vaccine manufacturers succeeded in reaching their maximum production capacity, at least one fifth of the world’s population would not have access to vaccines until 2022.”
There’s an effort trying to get around this – COVAX, coordinated by the World Health Organization, the Gavi Global Vaccine Initiative, and the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovation (CEPI). The group is trying to build manufacturing capacity for 2 billion doses of coronavirus vaccine.
“The COVAX facility could play a key role in ensuring access to Covid-19 vaccines. However, the target of two billion doses by the end of 2021 is still insufficient to secure pre-market vaccine commitments and funding to achieve that goal, ”said So’s team.